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解读中央经济工作会议丨促市场化改革 加快农业育种

2020-12-23 10:13:25香港文汇报 作者:任芳颉、凯雷
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■种子是农业的芯片,严重依赖进口对中国自身的粮食安全是不利的。图为重庆市油菜工程技术研究中心工作人员在组培室进行油菜花粉培养作业。 资料图片

建立商业化种业科研体制 打通成果转化“肠梗阻”

“kaizhanzhongyuan’kabozi‘jishugongguan,lizhidayichangzhongyefanshenzhang......”zhongyangjingjigongzuohuiyi(yixiajiancheng“huiyi”)bushudemingnianbadazhongdianrenwuzhong,“jiejuehaozhongzihegengdiwenti”gewaiyinrenzhumu,zheishishibadayilaizhongyangjingjigongzuohuiyicengmianshoucitidaojiejuezhongziwenti。duoweinongyezhuanjiaduixianggangwenhuibaojizhebiaoshi,zhongguozhongyekejiduijingjidegongxianduhaibijiaodi,kejigongjiyushichangxuqiucunzaiduanlie。zhongguoyaocongzhongyedaguomaixiangzhongyeqiangguo,bixupochuzhongziyilai,chongpozhongyuananquanpingzhang,qizhong“shichanghuagaige”shiguanjian,tigaoyuzhongjishu,zengjiaguoyoupinzhongdeyanfalidu,jiakuaijianlishangyehuanongzuowuzhongyekeyantizhi,jiangjuyouneishengxiaoyidejishuyanfahuodongjiaojishichang。

zhongguoshishijiedierdazhongyeshichang,danzhongyedaguoquebushizhongyeqiangguo。zai21shijizuichu10nian,zhongguozhongyeganggangqibu,kuaguozhongqiyikaishiquanqiubuju,meiguopinzhong“xianyu335”yiduqiangzhanleyibandedongbeiyumishichang。yeneiyoujuhua,“yuzhongburumaizhong,maizhongburutaopai”。rujinzheiyiqingkuangyijinggaibian,zhongguojinshinianlaiyingnanershangbuduangongkenanguan,nongzuowuliangzhongfugailv、zizhuxuanyupinzhongmianjibuduanpansheng,guorenshenkeyishidao“yilizhongzi,guanxizhezhongguorendefanwananquan。”

让好种子实现增量商品化

jinniandezhongyangjingjigongzuohuiyiqiangdiaozhongyuananquan,huigujin5nianzhongyangjingjigongzuohuiyi,zheishishouciguanzhuzhongyeyushengwuyuzhong,kejianzhongyangduiqizhongshichengdukongqian。zhongzianquanyufou,zhijieyingxiangzheliangshidechannenghepinzhi。nongyejingjixuejiadangguoyingxiangxianggangwenhuibaojizhebiaoshi,“zhongzishinongyedexinpian,yanzhongyilaijinkouduizhongguozishendeliangshianquanshibulide,bixuweiyuchoumou,zheiyangcainenglaolaobafanwanduanzaizhongguorenzijideshouli。”tashuo,xianzaiguojishangzhongzilongduanxingbijiaoqiang,zheiyiweizhejiageshangshigongyingfangshuolesuan。ruguozhongguozhongyebunengjishibushangyanfaduanban,neimezhongguode“cailanzi”、“midaizi”jiukenengshouzhiyuren。zhongguobenshenshiyigenongyedaguo,liangzhongpeiyushijichuxingdejishu,zijizhangwoyeshiyinggaide。

nongyenongcunbushujuxianshi,muqian,zhongguonongzuowuliangzhongfugailvzai96%yishang,zizhuxuanyupinzhongmianjizhanbichaoguo95%,chuqinhexinzhongyuanzijilvchaoguo75%。shuidao、xiaomailiangdakouliangzuowupinzhongshixianwanquanziji,zajiaoshuidaomuchanqianlitupo1,000gongjinbingbaochiguojilingxian。“muqianzhongguoliangzhongfugailvqishitinggao,tebieshiliangshifangmian,zhuyaoshiwomenguojiazijipeiyude,danqueshiyecunzaiyixiezhongyuanxuyaojinkou,zheibufenxuyaojinxingjishugongguan。”dangguoyingshuo。

duiyuruhedahao“zhongyefanshenzhang”,zhuanjiamenrenwei,yaojiangzhongguochuantongdezhongziziyuanjiyinbaoliuxialai,jianshehaozhongziku。tongshi,tigaoyuzhongjishu,ranghaodezhongzishixianzengliangshangpinhua。ciwai,haixuyaojixutuijinkejichuangxin,zengjiaguoyoupinzhongdeyanfalidu。yanfamubiaojiyaomiaozhunchanliang,yeyaomiaozhunpinzhi,haiyaojinliangqianghuaxinpinzhongduijixiehuashougedeshiyingli,tigaoxinpinzhongdefangchongkangzaidengtexing。

让研发激励真正落地

“yangeyiyilaishuo,zhongguodeyuzhongjishumuqianzaishiyanshiligenguowaidechajubingbushihenda,danzhongguozhongyekejiduijingjidegongxianduhaibijiaodi,qishangyehuashuipingyuguowaiyoumingxianchaju。”zhongguoshehuikexueyuannongcunfazhanyanjiusuoyanjiuyuanhubingchuanbiaoshi,zhongguozhongyedeyanfanenglihejishuchubeihenduodoumeiyouzhuanhuaweishichangdezhenzhenggongji,kejigongjiyushichangxuqiucunzaiduanlie。

zaozai2016nianyouguanbumenbianzhidinglekuodazhongyerencaifazhanhekeyanchengguoquanyidegaigezhidaoyijian,yizaijiejuezhongyekeyanhenongyeshengchan“liangzhangpi”yijizhongyekeyanchengguozhuanhuashangde“changgengzu”wenti,dangaigeduonianchengxiaorengbujinrurenyi。zhongguoshehuikexueyuanzhengzhixueyanjiusuoyanjiuyuanchenmingyirenwei,zhongyegaigedezhuyaowentizaiyumeiyoumingquekeyanjigouyuqiyezaiyanfahuodongzhongdedingwei,kejitourujizhirengjiuchuyumohudidai,yanfajilimeiyouzhenzhengluodi。“zhenxingminzuzhongye,xuyaojinyibushenhuanongyeshichanghuagaige,youqishishenhuanongyekejitizhigaige。”

“guojiayingjiakuaijianlishangyehuanongzuowuzhongyekeyantizhi,tansuozhenduiqiyeyanfadezhichijianglijizhi,jiangjuyouneishengxiaoyidejishuyanfahuodongfangshoujiaojishichang,tuidongzhongguozhongziqiyebuduanzuodazuoqiang、zouxiangshijie。”yucitongshi,chenmingbiaoshi,zaizhongyelingyu,chulenenggoushichanghuadejishuyanfahuodongwai,zhiwuyuanshengjingbaohu、zhongzhiziyuanbaocundenggongyixing、jichuxingjishuyanfagongzuoyouzhengfudoudi,caiqugongyixingtourufangshiwancheng,bingshixingbutongbumenjianhelidezhiyuejiandujizhi。

责任编辑:陈运欣

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